TIGTA-2016-26 Press Release

October 24, 2016
Contact: Karen Kraushaar, Director of Communications
(202) 622-6500

The Whistleblower Program Helps Identify Tax Noncompliance; However, Improvements Are Needed to Ensure That Claims Are Processed Appropriately and Expeditiously

 WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Whistleblower Program can be a powerful tool to assist the IRS in identifying violations of tax law and collecting funds that might otherwise be lost to tax evasion.  However, improvements are needed to monitor the timeliness of whistleblower claims processing and ensure that program decisions are properly supported, according to a new report issued publicly today by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA).

Internal Revenue Code Section 7623 authorizes the IRS to pay monetary awards to whistleblowers for information leading to detecting underpayments of tax or bringing to trial and punishment persons guilty of violating tax laws.  However, whistleblowers and members of Congress continue to express concerns with the operation of this program.

In its review, TIGTA found that the Whistleblower Program has helped the IRS collect significant amounts of revenue by facilitating whistleblower claims reporting violations of the tax laws that may otherwise go unidentified.  From Fiscal Year 2011 through February 2016, the IRS collected more than $2 billion because of information that whistleblowers provided.  In addition, the Whistleblower Office has recently reduced inventory backlogs.  However, the Whistleblower Office does not have appropriate controls in place to allow for sufficient oversight of claims processing, and whistleblowers are not always contacted to clarify allegations.

TIGTA recommended that the Director, Whistleblower Office, implement the Balanced Performance Measurement System for the Whistleblower Program and implement controls to ensure that whistleblower claims are appropriately and timely evaluated before being rejected, denied, or referred to operating divisions for investigation or examination.  In response to the report, IRS management agreed with and plans to implement corrective actions for nine of TIGTA’s 10 recommendations.

“The IRS Whistleblower Program plays an important role in reducing the Tax Gap by providing an avenue for reporting tax evasion,” said J. Russell George, Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration.  “It is important for the IRS to make every effort to implement controls to ensure the consistent, appropriate, and expeditious processing of whistleblower claims.”

Read the report.


Note: The difference between the date TIGTA issues an audit report to the Internal Revenue Service and the date TIGTA publicly releases the report is due to TIGTA's internal review process to ensure that public release is in compliance with Federal confidentiality laws.

Fake IRS call center shut down; IRS Scams to watch out for.

Despite the IRS receiving bad press lately for its bad public relations, this Forbes article highlights efforts to stop the IRS scammers from continuing to con US citizens with fake IRS calls threatening jail time or forfeiture actions.

As stated in the article, the callers pose as IRS officials and demand immediate payment and threatening jail or deportation for those failing to comply.  The article also highlights efforts by IRS to try and shut down this scam, i.e. Treasury Inspector General of Tax Administration’s (TIGTA) reporting of the apprehension of 5 individuals in May 2016 responsible for about $2 million in schemes defrauding 1,500 victims.

In the latest news, authorities in Mumbai, India have arrested 70 call center workers for tax related scams following police raids on call centers in India.  Additionally 750 other call center workers were detained as police continue to investigate.  The reports indicate that 7 call centers were being used to accumulate around $149,835 per day.

The IRS has also highlighted the 12 largest tax scams to avoid in its annual Dirty Dozen:  For 2016, the dirty dozen are (in no particular order) See IRS Website:

  1. Identity Theft: Taxpayers need to watch out for identity theft especially around tax time. The IRS continues to aggressively pursue the criminals that file fraudulent returns using someone else’s Social Security number. Though the agency is making progress on this front, taxpayers still need to be extremely careful and do everything they can to avoid being victimized. (IR-2016-12)
  2. Phone Scams: Phone calls from criminals impersonating IRS agents remain an ongoing threat to taxpayers. The IRS has seen a surge of these phone scams in recent years as scam artists threaten taxpayers with police arrest, deportation and license revocation, among other things. (IR-2016-14)
  3. Phishing: Taxpayers need to be on guard against fake emails or websites looking to steal personal information. The IRS will never send taxpayers an email about a bill or refund out of the blue. Don’t click on one claiming to be from the IRS. Be wary of strange emails and websites that may be nothing more than scams to steal personal information. (IR-2016-15)
  4. Return Preparer Fraud: Be on the lookout for unscrupulous return preparers. The vast majority of tax professionals provide honest high-quality service. But there are some dishonest preparers who set up shop each filing season to perpetrate refund fraud, identity theft and other scams that hurt taxpayers. Legitimate tax professionals are a vital part of the U.S. tax system. (IR-2016-16)
  5. Offshore Tax Avoidance: The recent string of successful enforcement actions against offshore tax cheats and the financial organizations that help them shows that it’s a bad bet to hide money and income offshore. Taxpayers are best served by coming in voluntarily and getting caught up on their tax-filing responsibilities. The IRS offers the Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program (OVDP) to enable people catch up on their filing and tax obligations. (IR-2016-17)
  6. Inflated Refund Claims: Taxpayers need to be on the lookout for anyone promising inflated refunds. Be wary of anyone who asks taxpayers to sign a blank return, promises a big refund before looking at their records, or charges fees based on a percentage of the refund. Scam artists use flyers, advertisements, phony store fronts and word of mouth via community groups where trust is high to find victims. (IR-2016-18)
  7. Fake Charities: Be on guard against groups masquerading as charitable organizations to attract donations from unsuspecting contributors. Be wary of charities with names similar to familiar or nationally-known organizations. Contributors should take a few extra minutes to ensure their hard-earned money goes to legitimate and currently eligible charities. IRS.gov has the tools taxpayers need to check out the status of charitable organizations. (IR-2016-20)
  8. Falsely Padding Deductions on Returns: Taxpayers should avoid the temptation of falsely inflating deductions or expenses on their returns to under pay what they owe or possibly receive larger refunds. Think twice before overstating deductions such as charitable contributions and business expenses or improperly claiming such credits as the Earned Income Tax Credit or Child Tax Credit. (IR-2016-21)
  9. Excessive Claims for Business Credits: Avoid improperly claiming the fuel tax credit, a tax benefit generally not available to most taxpayers. The credit is generally limited to off-highway business use, including use in farming. Taxpayers should also avoid misuse of the research credit. Improper claims generally involve failures to participate in or substantiate qualified research activities and/or satisfy the requirements related to qualified research expenses. (IR-2016-22)
  10. Falsifying Income to Claim Credits: Don’t invent income to erroneously qualify for tax credits, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit. Taxpayers are sometimes talked into doing this by scam artists. Taxpayers are best served by filing the most-accurate return possible because they are legally responsible for what is on their return. This scam can lead to taxpayers facing big bills to pay back taxes, interest and penalties. In some cases, they may even face criminal prosecution. (IR-2016-23)
  11. Abusive Tax Shelters: Don’t use abusive tax structures to avoid paying taxes. The IRS is committed to stopping complex tax avoidance schemes and the people who create and sell them. The vast majority of taxpayers pay their fair share, and everyone should be on the lookout for people peddling tax shelters that sound too good to be true. When in doubt, taxpayers should seek an independent opinion regarding complex products they are offered. (IR-2016-25)
  12. Frivolous Tax Arguments: Don’t use frivolous tax arguments in an effort to avoid paying tax. Promoters of frivolous schemes encourage taxpayers to make unreasonable and outlandish claims Even though they are wrong and have been repeatedly thrown out of court. While taxpayers have the right to contest their tax liabilities in court, no one has the right to disobey the law or disregard their responsibility to pay taxes. The penalty for filing a frivolous tax return is $5,000. (IR-2016-27)

If you have specific and credible information of a tax scam, the IRS will pay between 15-30% of the taxes, penalties and interest it collects from the promoters/perpetrators of the tax schemes, or from the beneficiaries of the tax schemes.  Contact us to evaluate your specific and credible information and whether you should file a tax whistleblower claim to receive an award from the IRS.

Is the IRS retaliating against its own whistleblower?

As found in this article in the Washington Post, the IRS is facing questions as to whether it is retaliating against one of its own attorneys whom allegedly blew the whistle on how the IRS failed to identify "a multibillion-dollar corporate tax credit scheme involving a source of energy informally known as black liquor."

According to the Washington Post, William Henck, an attorney working inside the IRS Office of Chief Counsel for over 26 years, (see the powerline blog for a first person account by Mr. Henck) publically questioned the IRS' policy on refundable biofuels tax credits designed to foster new technologies but were being used by paper companies to receive huge refunds for burning pulp byproducts (known as "black liquor") since the 1930s.  See Washington Post article that quotes Henck.

The latest article and Henck's own account reflect the IRS auditing the Henck's returns and the IRS placing Henck's status at the IRS in limbo with the IRS and Treasury Inspector General's (TIGTA) office failing to properly investigate whether Henck committed any wrongdoing.

This account by an insider at the IRS raises serious questions about the IRS' commitment to investigate tax fraud even when reported by an attorney among its ranks.  It echoes an account by Jane Kim, a 10 year veteran chief counsel attorney in the Small Business/Self Employed Division outlining abuse at the IRS which resulted in tax cheats getting away without paying their taxes.  See this Tax Analysts' article.

This story also raises questions how committed the IRS is to investigate claims raised by whistleblowers under its Tax Whistleblower Program.  Despite Lee Martin's (Director of the IRS Whistleblower Office) statements to the contrary (see this blog on statements made by Lee Martin during Tax Whistleblower Bar call), this account can and may already have a chilling effect on the number and quality of submissions to the Whistleblower Office.

Nonetheless, if you know of tax fraud or tax violations committed by an individual or a corporation, and wish to report the violations to the IRS, contact us to prepare your tax whistleblower claim.  The IRS pays between 15-30% of the collected proceeds (tax, penalties, interest and additional amounts) for specific and credible information the IRS uses to prosecute the alleged tax violators.